Health and Safety

Statement

This preschool believes that the health and safety of children is of paramount importance. We make our preschool a safe and healthy place for children, parents, staff and volunteers.

We aim to make children, parents and staff aware of health and safety issues, to minimise the hazards and risks to enable the children to thrive in a healthy and safe environment.

Procedures

The member of staff responsible for health and safety is Anne Ridgway 

She is competent to carry out these responsibilities. We display the necessary health and safety poster on the filing cabinet in class 1 and in the kitchen in class 2.   

Risk assessment

The risk assessment process follows five steps, identification of risk, who is at risk, assessment as to the level of risk (high, medium, low) control measures to control/reduce risk, monitoring and reviewing.

Our risk assessment process includes;

  • checking for hazards and risks indoors and outside, and in our activities and procedures. our assessment covers adults and children;
  • deciding which areas need attention; and
  • developing an action plan which specifies the action required, the timescales for action, the person responsible for the action and any funding required.
  • The risk assessment is written and reviewed regularly.

We maintain lists of health and safety issues which are checked:

  • daily before the session begins;
  • termly – toys are checked;
  • annually when a full risk assessment is carried out.

Insurance cover

We have public liability insurance and employers’ liability insurance. The certificate is displayed on the notice boards.

Awareness raising

  • Our induction training for staff and volunteers includes a clear explanation of health and safety issues so that all adults are able to adhere to our policy and understand their shared responsibility for health and safety. The induction training covers matters of employee well-being, including safe lifting and the storage of potentially dangerous substances.
  • Records are kept of these induction training sessions and new staff and volunteers are asked to sign the records to confirm that they have taken part.
  • Health and safety policies are given to the parents of new children so that they understand the part they play in the daily life of the preschool.
  • As necessary, health and safety training is included in the annual training plans of staff and health and safety is discussed regularly at staff meetings.  
  • There is no smoking, drinking alcohol or using other substances in the Preschool or in Church buildings at any time.
  • Children are made aware of health and safety issues through discussions, planned activities and routines.

Safety of adults

  • Adults are provided with guidance about the safe storage, movement, lifting and erection of large pieces of equipment.
  • When adults need to reach up to store equipment or to change light bulbs they are provided with safe equipment to do so.
  • The sickness of staff and their involvement in accidents are recorded. The records are reviewed annually to identify any issues which need to be addressed.
  • We keep all cleaning chemicals in their original containers.
  • Key persons on home visits will attend in twos.  
  • We keep a record of substance that may be hazardous to health such as cleaning chemicals, this states what the risks are and what to do if they have contact with eyes or skin or are ingested.

Windows

  • Low level windows are made from materials which prevent accidental breakage or are made safe.  Windows above the ground floor are secured so that children cannot climb through them.

Floors

  • All surfaces are checked daily to ensure they are clean and not uneven or damaged.

Doors

  • We take precautions to prevent children’s fingers being trapped in doors.

Electric/gas equipment

  • All electric/gas equipment conforms to safety requirements and is checked regularly.
  • Our boiler/electrical switchgear/meter cupboard is not accessible to the children.
  • Fires, heaters, electric sockets, wires and leads are guarded and the children are taught not to touch them.
  • There are sufficient sockets to prevent overloading.
  • The temperature of hot water is controlled to prevent scalds.
  • Lighting and ventilation is adequate in all areas including storage areas.  

Storage

  • All resources and materials which children select are stored safely.
  • All equipment and resources are stored or stacked safely to prevent them accidentally falling of collapsing.

Outdoor area

  • Our outdoor area is securely fenced.
  • Our outdoor area is checked for safety and cleared of rubbish before it is used.
  • All outdoor activities are supervised at all times.

Hygiene

  • We regularly seek information from the Environmental Health Department and the Health Authority to ensure that we keep up-to-date with the latest recommendations.
  • Our daily routines encourage the children to learn about personal hygiene.
  • We have a daily cleaning routine for the preschool which includes play room(s), kitchen, rest area, toilets and nappy changing areas.
  • We have a schedule for cleaning resources and equipment, dressing up clothes and furnishings.
  • Nappies are disposed of hygienically.
  • We implement good hygiene practices by:

    cleaning tables between activities – checking toilets regularly,
    disposable gloves worn as appropriate, – providing sets of clean clothes,
    hands washed after using the toilet, – toothbrushes not shared,
    children with pierced ears are not allowed to try on each other’s ear rings,
    a large box of tissues is available and children are encouraged to blow and wipe their noses when necessary. Soiled tissues are disposed of hygienically,
    children are encouraged to cover their mouths when coughing,
    a warm air dryer or paper towels are used and disposed of appropriately,
     hygiene rules related to bodily fluids followed with particular care and all staff and volunteers are made aware of how infections, including HIV infection, can be transmitted.

Activities

  • Before purchase or loan, equipment and resources are checked to ensure that they are safe for the ages and stages of the children currently attending the preschool.
  • The layout of play equipment allows adults and children to move safely and freely between activities.
  • All equipment is regularly checked for cleanliness and safety and any faulty/dangerous items are repaired or discarded.
  • All materials – including paint and glue – are non-toxic.
  • Sand is clean and suitable for children’s play.
  • Physical play is constantly supervised.
  • Children are taught to handle and store tools safely.
  • Children learn about health, safety and personal hygiene through the activities we provide and the routines we follow.

Legal framework
Health & Safety at Work Act (1974)
Management of Health& safety at Work Regulations 1992
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) (2002)
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (as amended)

Fire safety

We ensure our premises present no risk of fire by ensuring the highest possible standard of fire precautions. The person in charge and staff are familiar with the current legal requirements. Where necessary we seek the advice of a competent person such as a fire officer or fire safety consultant.

  • We have a copy of the fire safety risk assessment that applies to the building.
  • Fire doors are clearly marked, never obstructed and easily opened from inside.
  • Smoke detectors/alarms and fire fighting appliances that conform to BSEN standards, are fitted in appropriate high risk areas of the building and are checked as specified by the manufacture.
  • Our emergency evacuation procedures are approved by the Fire Safety Officer and are:
    –    clearly displayed in the premises,
    –    explained to new members of staff, volunteers and parents, and
    –    practised regularly at least once every half term.
  • Records are kept of fire drills and the servicing of fire safety equipment.

Legal Framework

Regulatory Reform (fire safety) Order 2005

Recording and Reporting of Accidents and Incidents

We follow the guidelines for reporting injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences (RIDDOR) 

for the reporting of accidents and incidents. Child protection matters or behavioural incidents 

between children are not regarded as incidents and there are separate procedures for this.

Accidents

  • Our Accident book: 
  • is kept safely and accessible,
  • all staff and volunteers know where it is kept and how to complete it, and
  • is reviewed at least annually to identify any potential or actual hazards.
  • Any injury or accident requiring hospital treatment to a child, parent, volunteer, visitor or employee is reported to the local office of the Health and Safety Executive and Ofsted.

Incidents 

  • We meet our legal requirements for the safety of our employees by conforming with RIDDOR ( the reporting of Injury, Disease and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations ). We report to the local office of the Health and Safety Executive, any accident to a member of staff requiring treatment by a general practitioner or hospital, and any dangerous occurrences.
  • Our Incident Book records include break in, burglary, intruder, fire, flood, gas leak, electrical failure, attack on member of staff or parent, any racist incident, death of a child, terrorist attack or threat of one.

Legal Framework

Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR 1995)

Food hygiene

In our setting we provide food for children on the basis of snacks and activities, we maintain the highest possible food hygiene standards with regard to the purchase, storage, preparation and serving of food.

  • Staff who prepare and handle food receive appropriate training and understand and comply with – food safety and hygiene regulations.
  • At least one person in each class holds a food hygiene certificate.
  • We use reliable suppliers for the food we purchase.
  • All food and drink is stored at correct temperatures and is checked to ensure it is in date and not subject to contamination by pests, rodents or mould.
  • Adults do not carry hot drinks through the play area(s) and do not place hot drinks within reach of children.
  • Snack and meal times are appropriately supervised and children do not walk about with food and drinks. 
  • Fresh drinking water is available to the children at all times.
  • We operate systems to ensure that children do not have access to food/drinks to which they are allergic. 
  • Packed lunches are stored in a fridge.
  • When children take part in cooking activities they are, supervised at all times, understand the importance of hand washing and simple hygiene rules, kept away from hot surfaces and water, do not have unsupervised access to electrical equipment e.g. blenders.
  • Where children and/or adults have been diagnosed by a GP or hospital doctor to be suffering from food poisoning and where it seems possible that the source of the outbreak is within our setting, the manager will contact the Environmental Health department and the health Protection Agency, to report the outbreak and will comply with any investigation.
  • If the food poisoning is identified as a notifiable disease under the Public Health (infectious diseases) Regulations 1988 the setting will report the matter to Ofsted.

Legal Framework

Regulation (EC) 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the hygiene of foodstuffs.

This policy was reviewed August 2019

Signed on behalf of the Preschool Anne Ridgway and Heather Gardner